Diseases of oral mucosa ppt

Diseases of oral cavity - SlideShar

  1. PEMPHIGUS VULGARIS • Autoimmune disease • Antibodies against desmoglein3 (antigen) • Disassociation of the epithelium at suprabasal layer with acantholysis • Bullous lesions ruptures painful bleeding ulcers • Oral, ocular mucosa, & skin • Palate, gingiva, tongue • Diagnosis: -Nikolsky's sign:(+) new lesions develops after.
  2. Non neoplastic diseases of oral cavity - non neoplastic diseases of oral cavity | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view The Positive Influence of Oral Hygiene and Oral Health on Our Body - Nowadays, it is very important to look after one's overall health and hygiene as it helps in preventing many diseases
  3. Fig. 17-2 Leukoplakia. Lichen Planus A benign, chronic disease affecting the skin and oral mucosa. Many factors have been implicated in lichen planus; however, the cause remains unknown. On the oral mucosa, the patchy white lesions have a characteristic pattern of circles and interconnecting lines called Wickham's striae. Fig. 17-3 Lichen planus
  4. One such reaction of the collagen of oral mucosa to arecanut is oral submucous fibrosis.Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic disease of insidious onset and a prevailing potentially malignant disorder characterized by juxta-epithelial inflammatory reaction along with mucosal fibrosis.OSMF is characterized by deposition of dense collagen.

View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Classification Of Oral Mucosa PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Classification Of Oral Mucosa PPT Periodontitis As A Manifestation Of Systemic Diseases PPT. Presentation Summary : Oral ulcerations, severe. mucosa, and appear as zones of erythema and ulceration with necrotic epithelium peripherally. •Electrical burns more commonly affect the oral commissure. The lesions are usually initially painless, charred and yellow with little bleeding. Electrical burns in the mouth are usually caused by chewing on live electrical wiring (children) oral mucosa, with specific reference to the basement membrane zone, as well as bullous conditions affecting the mucosa, including PV and pemphigoid, their aetiology, clinical presentation, and management. Learning outcomes • Understand the common presentation of vesicobullous diseases - common, often recurrent, painful, superficial oral mucosal ulcerations - unknown etiology - most common in the first 2 decades of life. - tend to be prevalent within certain families - may also be associated with immunologic disorders including celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and Behçet disease Oral mucosa . Definition . ORGANIZATION OF ORAL MUCOSA . Masticatory mucosa . 6 . 7 . Lining mucosa Loosely attached Firmly attached . 9 . Specialized mucosa . 11 Specialized Mucosa. Ridges (pegs) and papillae . 13 Types of Oral Epithelium Orthokeratinized stratified squamous epitheliu

ORAL LESIONS. oral lesion abnormal tissue in the oral cavity that includes wounds sores and any other tissue damage caused by injury or disease classification of oral lession can be classified as infectious & non infectious infectious ie bacteria , viral & fungal. non infectious immune disoders physical & chemical trauma neoplasms blood disoders vitamin deficiencies etc Normal defense. The oral cavity is a unique anatomical structure, characterised by the juxtaposition of soft and hard. tissues and which is continuously subject to challenge by the external environment and foreign. material. Diseases and disorders caused by oral microorganisms are very common and economically Oral lichen planus. Lichen planus is a chronic systemic disease of established immune-mediated pathogenesis. 1 It most commonly, and most protractedly, involves the mucosa of the oral cavity, hence it is of interest and concern to dentists, but it can involve other sites, namely the skin, the scalp (with inflammation around and affecting the hair follicles resulting in alopecia), the nails as. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: Bacterial and fungal infectious diseases, affecting the oral mucosa is the property of its rightful owner. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com Diseases Of Oral Cavity PPT. Presentation Summary : Oral Manifestations of Systemic Disease. Hairy Leukoplakia: is a distinctive oral lesion on the lateral border of the tongue that is usually seen i

Mucocutaneous Diseases Azmi Darwazeh BDS

Many pulmonary disorders like respiratory obstructive diseases, systemic diseases with pulmonary involvement, lung cancer, cystic fibrosis or tuberculosis all have clinical and/ or therapeutic involvement of the oral cavity, which underlines the necessity of regular dental services and careful oral cavity exam, as well as an active collaboration between dental practitioners and pulmonologists Local oral mucosal trauma in relation to systemic disease can arise as a consequence of physical, for example, movement disorders, 1 or chemical causes, for example, the now rare instances of. Categories of Oral Diseases. Clinically, oral lesions can be (1) ulcerated, (2) vesiculobullous, (3) maculopapular, (4) exophytic, papillary, or fungating, (5) nodular or polypoid, and (6) pigmented. Special attention should be given to lesions that are white (leukoplakic), or red (erythroplakic) patches or a mixture of the two.

Hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa (i.e., Addi-son disease) may be the first manifestation of primary adrenal insufficiency19 23-28 (Figure 7). However, diffuse mel Oral Mucosa in Health and Disease. Highlights the role of the mucosa in defence and maintenance of homeostatic mechanisms that protect against diseaseExamines the relation between the oral cavity and systemic disease in detail. This book is designed to re-establish the position of the oral cavity and its mucosa at the forefront of defence and.

Oral signs are frequently the first manifestation of autoimmune diseases. For this reason, dentists play an important role in the detection of emerging autoimmune pathologies. Indeed, an early diagnosis can play a decisive role in improving the quality of treatment strategies as well as quality of life. This can be obtained thanks to specific knowledge of oral manifestations of autoimmune. The oral mucosa, salivary glands (both major and minor), jawbones, and teeth are frequently the site of primary inflammatory or neoplastic disease. However, the oral cavity may present with manifestations of systemic disease and in some cases, oral findings may precede systemic signs and symptoms by months or years

Oral Candidiasis (Thrush) Presentation: Creamy white lesions on the oral mucosa gentle scraping shows erythematous mucosal surface. acute pseudomembranous candidiasis; chronic erythematous candidiasis; acute erythematous candidiasis; and chronic hyperplastic candidiasis. Dx mostly clinical but may be confirmed through microscopic identification of Candida in the oral samples and/or isolation i Oral mucosal vesiculobullous and ulcerative lesions are frequently present diagnostic problems because the lesions may resemble each other clinically and routine biopsies may offer histological similarities and diagnosis of nonspecific inflammation. Thus, immunofluorescence is increasingly being used with routine histology to accurately diagnose these lesions disease [2] Oral mucosa is deeply colored when compared to skin which denotes that discoloration of the oral mucosa by pigment occurs with many different conditions, which may be otherwise totally unrelated in many other respects. The color of oral mucosa depends upon the epithelial thickness, the. Oral manifestations of systemic disease 24 GENERAL DENTISTRY November/December 2017 or absent, and the oral mucosa may be dry, red, and wrinkled.4 The tongue may be atrophic or fissured with deep.

Chronic, progressive disease that is characterized by excessive iron deposits (usually in the form of hemosiderin) in the liver and other organs and tissues. Oral mucosal pigmentation is also well reorganized. Oral pigmentation is often diffuse and brown to gray in appearance. Palate and gingiva are most commonly affected Oral mucosal lesions range from mere alteration in color, variations in surface characteristics, swelling, or loss of integrity of the oral mucosal surface. Multiple etiologic factors contribute to these group of lesions, including microbial infections, local trauma or irritation, systemic diseases, and consumption of tobacco, betel quid, and. An adequate dentition is of importance for well-being and life quality. Despite advances in preventive dentistry, edentulism is still a major public health problem worldwide. In this narrative review, we provide a perspective on the pathways that link oral to general health. A better understanding of disease indicators is necessary for establishing a solid strategy through an organized oral. View Test Prep - Oral Mucosal Diseases Exam 1.ppt from BIO 695 at The College at Brockport. Vesicle: circumscribed, fluid filled elevation less than 0.5cm Bulla: fluid filled elevation greater tha and oral mucosa against infection. These host defences vary in the different oral microenviron-ments or domains represented by the oral mucosa, saliva and gingival crevice. This review aims to consider and contrast the main immune components in each domain and cites examples of oral diseases where the immune response is defective

PPT - Non-neoplastic diseases of oral cavity PowerPointPPT - Manifestation of bacterial and viral diseases in

PPT - DISEASES OF ORAL CAVITY PowerPoint presentation

Diseases of the mucous membranes include those involving the lips, tongue, palate, gingiva, teeth, and the floor of the mouth. Inspection of this entire surface should be included in the full skin examination to screen for evidence of mucocutaneous conditions, such as lichen planus, and primary diseases of the mucosa, such as squamous cell carcinom Additionally, poor oral health can contribute to the development of disease. Increased bacterial growth in the mouth can cause inflammation and infection in other parts of the body. For example, Streptococcus in the mouth, the main contributor to biofilms on teeth, tartar, and dental caries, can spread throughout the body when there is damage. Oral cancer accounts for roughly two percent of all cancers diagnosed annually in the United States. Approximately 36,500 people will be diagnosed with oral cancer each year and about 7,900 will die from the disease. On average, 61 percent of those with t\ he disease will survive more than 5 years. Created Date: 10/2/2013 9:15:58 P


Ppt Classification-of-oral-mucosa Powerpoint

Several nutritional deficiencies exhibit oral manifestations. The authors specifically discuss the impact of water-soluble vitamins (B2, B3, B6, B9, B12, and C), fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, and K) and the eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa on the oral mucosa Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a relatively uncommon disease of dogs characterized by severe gingivitis, ulceration, and necrosis of the oral mucosa. Fusobacterium spp and spirochete organisms ( Borrelia vincenti ), normal inhabitants of the mouth, have been suggested as a cause of this disease after some predisposing factor. Oral mucosa may show drying of lips, erosive lesions, pale and corrugated buccal mucosa, depapillation on the tongue, dental caries, periodontitis, erythematous candidiasis, and angular cheilitis . Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and neuropathy are its possible complications

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Mucosal Ulcerations. Benign mucosal ulcerations can have the appearance similar to malignant lesions. Numerous local and systemic conditions can manifest themselves, in part, with benign mucosal ulcerations such as recurrent aphthous stomatitis, Crohn's disease, Behçet's syndrome, hematinic deficiency, or immunoincompetence RHL because the oral mucosal lesions were diagnosed after only a single examinations of each patients. Tongue Diseases (Geographic, Coated and Scrotal Tongue) Epidemiological studies have shown a high frequency of tongue diseases among mucosal lesions of the oral cavity, although the prevalence varies in different parts of the world. Kleiman [9 There are several immune mediated inflammatory mucocutaneous diseases that affect the oral cavity, most of them presenting clinically with varying degrees of blistering, sloughing, erosions, ulcerations and pain. These conditions may have serious sequelae if left untreated therefore early and proper diagnosis is crucial for patient management INTRODUCTION. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin and the mucus membrane. Oral lichen planus (OLP), the mucosal counterpart of cutaneous lichen planus, presents frequently in the fourth decade of life and affects women more than men in a ratio of 1.4:1.[] The disease affects 1-2% of the population.[2,3] It is seen clinically as reticular, papular, plaque. nut chewing. Once the disease is present, it either persists or be-comes more severe with involve-ment of additional areas of the oral mucosa.35 OSF is strongly associated with a risk of oral cancer, although the biology underlying this associa-tion is still unresolved.36 OSF may cause atrophy in the epithelium

Oral manifestations of LP are more common in women aged 30-70 years. [ 37, 38] Oral LP may be classified based on clinical presentation. Reticular LP, the most common form, presents as white papules or plaques on a bed of erythema with Wickham striae. [ 38, 39] The buccal mucosa, tongue, and gingivae may be involved The human mouth is lined by str. Squ. Epith. The gingival tissues form a cuff around each tooth and there is a continuous exudate of crevicular fluid from the gingival crevice. A thin layer of saliva bathes the surface of the oral mucosa. ORAL HABITATS The major oral habitats are: buccal mucosa dorsum of tongu Oral Manifestations And Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a growing public health concern and a common chronic metabolic disease worldwide.1-4 Diabetes mellitus represents a group of metabolic diseases that are characterised by hyperglycaemia due to a total or relative lack of insulin secretion and insulin resistance or both Most diseases of oral mucosa are either autoimmune in nature or are the results of immunologically-mediated events. These include Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS), Erythema Multiforme (EM), the bullous diseases Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) and Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid (MMP) and Lichen Planus (LP)

Diseases of Oral Cavity Cutaneous Conditions Clinical

Vesiculobullous lesions of the oral cavity. Vesiculobullous lesions are a type of mucocutaneous disease that is characterized by vesicles and bullae or blisters. Both vesicles and bullae are fluid-filled lesions, and they are distinguished by size, vesicles being less than 5-10 mm and bulla being larger than 5-10 mm, In the case of. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are causative of a group of clinically papillary lesions. The HPV-related lesions of the oral cavity include squamous papilloma, condyloma acuminatum, verruca vulgaris, and multifocal epithelial hyperplasia. Benign entities, such as verruciform xanthoma or giant cell fi Gingival Conditions. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a painful and rapidly progressive disease of the free gingiva, attached gingiva and alveolar mucosa characterized by necrosis of the gingival papilla accompanied by halitosis ().ANUG primarily affects young adults who smoke heavily and have poor oral hygiene. 3 Although the exact interaction between ANUG and smoking is not. Oral and maxillofacial pathology refers to the diseases of the mouth (oral cavity or stoma), jaws (maxillae or gnath) and related structures such as salivary glands, temporomandibular joints, facial muscles and perioral skin (the skin around the mouth). The mouth is an important organ with many different functions. It is also prone to a variety of medical and dental disorders.. The. Subjects with oral dryness and edentulous oral mucosa had a significantly lower PPT (coefficient − 0.145; 95% confidence interval − 0.283, − 0.006) than their partially dentate counterparts. There was a significant association of oral dryness with increased pressure pain sensitivity in the oral mucosa only in jaws with complete dentures

Immunity in The Oral Cavity Immune System Inflammatio

15 Diseases of the oral mucosa: mucosal infections. 16 Diseases of the oral mucosa: non-infective stomatitis. 17 Tongue disorders. 18 Benign chronic white mucosal lesions. 19 Potentially malignant disorders . 20 Oral cancer. 21 Other mucosal and lip carcinomas. 22 Non-neoplastic diseases of salivary glands . 23 Salivary gland neoplasms. 24. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes bilateral white striations, papules, or plaques on the buccal mucosa, tongue, and gingivae. Erythema, erosions, and blisters may or may not be present Diseases of the Oral Cavity. Caries, periodontal disease, infection, cancer and aging. Abnormalities of oral cavity. the most common and generally mild oral mucosal disorder. Exact cause is unknown, but the strongest associations are with immunologic abnormality and trauma. Biomed Exam #3 PPT 1- Dr. Streckfus. 99 terms. Abisola. Patient presents with atrophy of lingual papillae and have difficulty swallowing. Upon extra-oral examination he has Spoon shaped fingernails (Koilonychia). Intra-oral examiantion of the esophagus reveeals abnormal bands of tissue in upper esophagus (Esophageal webs). This are symptoms of i) Perncious anemia ii) Plummer-vinson syndrome iii.

Oral mucosal diseases: the inflammatory dermatoses

PPT - Bacterial and fungal infectious diseases, affecting

oral manifestations of infectious diseases ppt May 14, 2021 / in Uncategorised / by. periodontal disease (gum disease), another cause of tooth loss in adults. This review will mainly focus on the major dental diseases, dental caries and dental erosion. Diseases of the oral mucosa, will not be reviewed in depth, as the paper focuses on dental disease. Oral cancer is covered in thebackgroundpaper'Dietand thepreventionofcancer' Sabharwal et al. Oral Submucous Fibrosis esophageal mucosa. The earliest description of the disease was by Schwartz in 1952 1, who coined the term atrophica idiopathic mucosa oris to describe an oral fibrosing disease. Joshi subsequently termed the condition as oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSF

Oral diseases are among the most prevalent diseases globally and have serious health and economic burdens, greatly reducing quality of life for those affected. The most prevalent and consequential oral diseases globally are dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal disease, tooth loss, and cancers of the lips and oral cavity. In this first of two papers in a Series on oral health, we describe. Diseases of the oral mucosa often result from breakdown or abnormality of the epithelium. Typical epithelial lesions include hyperkeratosis (increased thickness of the keratin layer), acanthosis (increased thickness of the prickle cell layer with or without associated hyperkeratosis), atrophy (thinning of the epithelium, often associated with. Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic, progressive disease that alters the fibroelasticity of the oral submucosa, prevalent in India and Southeast Asia but rare elsewhere, and characterized by burning and pain in the oral cavity, loss of gustatory sensation, the presence of blanched fibrous bands and stiffening of the oral mucosa and oro-pharynx (leading to trismus and a progressive.

1. Introduction. With an increasing elderly population worldwide, the edentulous group of patients has been continuously expanding, resulting in significantly raised needs for prosthodontic treatments [1,2].Over the past century, complete or partial dentures have been widely used in dental clinics to restore oral function [3-5].During mastication, the oral mucosa beneath the denture plays a. Oral manifestations of HIV disease are common and include oral lesions and novel presentations of previously known opportunistic diseases. ( 1,2) Careful history taking and detailed examination of the patient's oral cavity are important parts of the physical examination, ( 3,4) and diagnosis requires appropriate investigative techniques

Oral manifestations of systemic diseasesChapter 415 oral flora

Ppt White-lesion-of-the-oral-cavity Powerpoint

Key words: Smoking, periodontal disease Introduction Periodontal diseases are a group of conditions af-fecting the supporting structures for the dentition. The periodontal tissue consist of a specialized form of oral mucosa known as gingiva, which has a keratinized epi-thelium and covers the alveolar bone. There is a oral mucosal diseases and, to a lesser extent, periodontal disease. This paper is intended to provide an overview of the evidence for an association between diet, nutrition and oral diseases and to clarify areas of uncertainty. Undernutrition increases the severit The effects of autoimmune diseases in the oral cavity. In rheumatoid arthritis, there is a predisposition to periodontitis, and infection with periodontal disease associated bacteria has been proposed to contribute to pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (A).In lichen planus, CD8+ T lymphocytes predominate in oral lesions, characterised by inflammation, swelling, and damage to oral. The oral mucosa is a primary barrier site and a portal for entry of microbes, food, and airborne particles into the gastrointestinal tract. Nonetheless, mucosal immunity at this barrier remains understudied compared with other anatomical barrier sites. Here, we review basic aspects of oral mucosal histology, the oral microbiome, and common and clinically significant diseases that present at.

Oral Manifestation of Respiratory Disorder -A Revie

Saliva is a hypotonic solution of salivary acini, gingival crevicular fluid and oral mucosal exudates. Approximately 90% of saliva is secreted from the salivary glands and the major glands include. Thus, the prevalence of HPV in normal oral mucosa, oral potentially malignant disorders and oral malignancies varies from 0 to 70%, 0 to 85%, and 0 to 100%, respectively (reviewed by Ha & Califano, 2004) . The authors attributed those discrepancies to sampling variation and limitations of the molecular techniques used in different studies Nevertheless, the association of periodontal disease to oral neoplasms may be explained indirectly by the possibility that a broken mucosal barrier in the presence of periodontal disease could lead to a subsequent penetration of carcinogens such as tobacco and alcohol. The association between periodontitis and oral cancer does not rule out a. Biofilm and Oral Disease Biofilms can co ver surfaces throughout the oral ca vity. Microcolonies e xist on oral mucosa, the tongue, biomaterials used for restorations and dental appliances, and tooth surfaces above and below the gingival margin (Figure 3). It is importan • mucosal inflammation • infections • herpetic (HSV-1), bacterial, candidiasis (in immune compromised patients) • diseases of temporomandibular joint • pain • dislocation (habitual) • precanceroses and tumors of oral cavity • leucoplakia • carcinoma - smokers, alcoholics • signs of systemic diseases in oral cavity • anaemi

Oral manifestations of systemic disease BDJ Tea

Oral mucosa. The mucosa is continuous, from the edge of the lips at the proximal end to the wet epithelial lining of the digestive tract at the distal end. The oral mucosa has three layers: the outer layer or epithelium, the middle layer or lamina propria, and the inner layer or submucosa. (See Layers of the Oral Mucosa.) FIGURE. Figure Parisi E, et al. Modification to the approach of the diagnosis of mucous membrane pemphigoid: a case report and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2003;95:182-6. Sami N, et al. Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in patients with multiple mucosal involvement in mucous membrane pemphigoid Oral mucosal cGVHD is characterized by lichenoid inflammation that can involve all intraoral sites, but particularly affects the tongue and buccal mucosa. 8,13,14 Clinical signs include white hyperkeratotic reticulations and plaques, erythematous changes, and ulcerations, which can range from very limited disease with only mild reticulation to.

The major obstacle in combating emerging infectious diseases is the lack of more effective antibiotics and vaccines. Misuse of antibiotics has led to antibiotic-resistant pathogens, further intensifying the need for mucosal vaccine development--a cost-effective disease-prevention tool Oral Cancer Images - The Oral Cancer Foundation. This collection of photos contains both cancer and non-cancerous diseases of the oral environment which may be mistaken for malignancies. Some contain a brief patient history which may add insight to the actual diagnosis of the disease. As you review these images and their descriptions, you. Aphthous stomatitis is a common condition characterized by the repeated formation of benign and non-contagious mouth ulcers (aphthae) in otherwise healthy individuals. The informal term canker sores is also used, mainly in North America, although this term may refer to other types of mouth ulcers.The cause is not completely understood but involves a T cell-mediated immune response triggered.