Selection criteria for Packaging material Characteristics of Packaging material Uses of Packaging Types of Packaging 1.Primary 2.Secondary 3.Tertiary Types of Packaging material 1.glass 2.Metals 3.Rubber 4.Plastic 5.Fibrous materials 6.Films,Foils & Laminates References 9/12/2014 Glass Packaging Materials 1. Glass Packaging Materials CHAPTER 8 2. GLASS • An amorphous, inorganic product of fusion that has been cooled to a rigid condition without crystallizing (ASTM, 2010) • Often regarded as a Synthetic Material • But also formed Naturally from common elements in the earth's crust • Obsidian - from magma or molten igneous rock • Tektites - from meteor. Plastic packaging material 1. Plastic as a Packaging Material Dr. Anil Pethe 2. What are plastics? Plastics may be defined as any group of substance, of natural or synthetic origins, consisting chiefly of polymers of high molecular weight, that can be moulded into a shape or form by heat & pressure. They usually consist of large molecules of organic materials which are based on certain.
ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS Packaging composition One of the aims of the Packaging Directive 94/62/EC is to reduce the impact of packaging and packaging waste on the environment. Due to its magnetic properties, steel is the easiest type of packaging to recover for recycling. It is recycled time and time again without its quality deteriorating 48 ACTIVE PACKAGING Active packaging is an innovative concept that can be defined as a mode of packaging in which the package, the product and the environment interact to prolong shelf-life or enhance safety or sensory properties, while maintaining the quality of the product (Suppakul et al., 2003 )
1.Primary packaging 2.Secondary packaging 3.Tertiary packaging •It is the material that first envelops the product and hold it. This usually is the smallest unit of distribution or use. •Ex. Aerosol spray can, blister packs, bottle. •It is outside the primary packaging perhaps used to group primary package together. •Ex. Boxes, cartons Types of packaging materials - traditional materials These materials have been used since the earliest times for domestic storage and local sales of foods. However, with the exception of glazed pottery, they have poor barrier properties and are only used to contain foods and keep them clean. They are also unsuited to the needs o Convenience of the packaging for the physician, pharmacist and finally the patient (size, weight, method of opening/re-closing, legibility of printing) Possible Interactions between primary packaging materials and the included pharmaceutical product: The release of chemicals from components of the packaging materials influences that can alter the properties of the product, e.g. moisture , light , oxygen and temperature variations. Protect against biological contamination. Protect against physical damage. Carry the correct information and identification of the product. Quality of packaging material Barrier packaging materials: Metals. Metals such as tinplate (tin coated steel) and aluminium are used in can and tray manufacture. Metal packaging offers the longest shelf life and superior safety for foods and beverages by preventing microbes, light and oxygen from damaging the product inside the container 2
Pharmaceutical packaging is the means of providing protection, presentation, identification, information and convenience to encourage compliance with a course of therapy. The commonly used packaging materials are Container, Closure, Carton or Outer and Box. The containers may be made of glass, plastic, matel or paper Plastics have become indispensable in modern life and the material of choice in packaging applications, but they have also caused increasing plastic waste accumulation in oceans and landfills Packaging development and design can be viewed in four different ways: A sales canvas on which to promote the product's attributes and benefits. The packaging industry is actually a collection of industries involving raw material production (paper, plastics, metals), the conversion of raw materials into forms ready used for package.
a packaging container. The oxygen barrier is quantified by the oxygen permeability coefficients (OPCs) which indicates the amount of oxygen that permeates per unit of area and time in a packaging materials (cc/m2/24hours). Plastic Glass Transition Temperature - The point where a polymer experiences a significant change in properties. Th Food packaging protects foodstuffs, but it can also be a source of chemical food contamination. The layer that is in direct contact with the foodstuff is called food contact material. Various different types of food contact materials are commonly used, each with different properties Optical properties are those material properties resulting from physical phenomena occurring when any form of light interacts with the material under consideration. In the case of foods, the main optical property considered by consumers in evaluating quality is color, followed by gloss and translucency or turbidity among other properties INTRODUCTION:-Packaging is the process by which the pharmaceuticals are suitably placed so that they should retain their therapeutic effectiveness from the time of their packaging till they are consumed.Definition: Packing is the art and science which involves preparing the articles for transport, storage, display and use. The ideal container or package should Similarly, distribution systems and conditions help determine the type of packaging material used. In particular, food/package interaction plays an important role in the proper selection of packaging materials for various food applications. Each packaging material has different inherent properties (for example, rigidity and permeability to gases)
The shelf-life of bottled fluid milk is reported to average between 10 and 21 days when stored at 4-8°C 1. The shelf life varies depending on raw milk quality, processing conditions, microbial growth, packaging materials 2, exposure to light 2, 3 and temperature abuse 4. The dairy industry is able to achieve a 45-day shelf life through the use. Paper can also be laminated to increase strength or provide barrier properties. The materials used can be gloss or matt finished or embossed. Other materials can be laminated onto paperboard e.g. foil or plastics. Packaging produced using paper and board includes cartons, labels, leaflets, tubes, corrugated cases, rigid boxes and pulp packs. Glas The material characteristics and properties are dependent upon how they are processed to form the electronic package, so the fundamentals of electronic packaging processes are discussed including wirebonding, solder interconnects, flip chip interconnects, underfill for flip chip and overmolding
Intertek's packaging labs provide a wide range of testing, processing and consultancy services to measure and improve the mechanical and physical properties of packaging materials. Experts evaluate packaging material during processing, storage and usage testing. Intertek testing services apply to a wide range of packaging and packaging materials Packaging is essential for any type of industry since one of its main functions is to protect the product from potential hazards that can occur during storage or the distribution cycle and that could affect the products. Therefore, it is indispensable to have a good packaging system, starting with the material itself. There is a very wide range of available packaging materials Packaging materials come in different shapes with various functions relative to their properties. It is essential for the packaging material to have a balance between its shape and its function. Given the packaging's main purpose of preservation, containment, and protection of food, the packaging material can be rigid, flexible, or semi. . (For flat, flexible materials, create pouches of the packaging material. Use tape or glue if necessary. For plastic foam and card-board, use cups. For more rigid materials, use made of that material-for example aluminum cans, yogurt, juice boxes.) Instruction card 1. Pour 25 ml of colored water into eac
1.1-Types of container used as primary packaging for liquid orals are:Single dose containershold the product that are intended for single use.An example of such a container is the glass ampoule. Multi-dose containers hold a quantity of the material that will be used as two or more doses. An example of this system is the multiple doses vial or the plastic tablet bottle The packaging industry improves its products by using new materials with better insulating properties or by introducing new leakproof designs. The new containers are often lighter and less bulky. For example, the Therma Gard packing system consists of a metallized plastic bag (which reflects practically all radiant heat)
Glass containers are among the primary packaging material that has found use in the pharmaceutical industries. It has the lowest coefficient of expansion and so has high thermal shock properties. types of glass containers used in pharmaceuticals pdf, evaluation of glass containers slideshare, glass as packaging material ppt, evaluation. Paper packaging can e.g. be made of parchment paper or have the shape of bags to package loose foods. Cartonboard is commonly used for e.g. liquid and dry foods, frozen foods and fast food. Corrugated board finds broad application in direct contact with food (e.g. pizza boxes) and as secondary packaging 1. Packaging Materials used in Bakery Industry By, Krushna Yadav D.K Id No. FSK(H) 819. 2. • Packaging is defined in the regulations as all products made of any materials of any nature to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and preservation of goods from the producer to the user or consumer. Definition of Packaging 3 Presentation on Food Packaging Materials Presented By Md Billal Hossen Roll:1416020 Session:2014-2015 Faculty of Applied Science and Technology Department of Food packaging protects foodstuffs, but it can also be a source of chemical food contamination. The layer that is in direct contact with the foodstuff is called food contact material. Various different types of food contact materials are commonly used, each with different properties
Rubber is used in packaging material and as an electrical insulator. Ceramics are non-metallic solids made up of inorganic compounds like nitrides, oxides, and carbides. It possesses electrical, magnetic, chemical and thermal properties. These materials are used in electronic controlled devices, computers, and aerospace field The following list may be used as a guide for food packaging manufacturers and auditors of food packaging manufacturers for potential food safety risks that may be associated with the various types of packaging materials. This list is . not all inclusive and does not eliminate the need for a thorough food safety risk assessment. Evaluation o Food Safety, Flexible Packaging, and Materials Eric Tu Oct., 2015. 2. Agenda. 3. As living standard increased, people start pursuing not only better food, but also safer food. Food Safety. 4. In fact, packaging plays a critical role in food safety, but has been long a missing link in value chain Food Safety. 5
Large Run: 50,000-100,000 Units. Tooling Costs: $550 - $2000. Investment: $1.21 - $1.27. NOTE: Numbers are based on 4 color process printing, 80# label on 200# E - C fluted kraft material. **Volumes larger than this may require a fully integrated packaging supplier to bring your unit cost even lower. Rigid Boxes The role of plastics and paper as food packaging materials is reviewed with a brief outlook on the historical background of food packages in general. The inherent properties of these food packages that should be considered by food processors are also discussed. The current efforts in meeting the needs of consumers in ensuring food's quality. packaging material and to get approval from FDA. The specific an FDA regulation for drugs states, Containers, closures and other component parts of drug packages, to be suitable for their intended evident properties. f the hologram is attempted to be removed, the I
Tensile Testing Material Properties 101 TWI - an introduction to mechanical testing techniques Tensile Testing - Materials Science packaging. Materials testing | Britannica Here is a listing of some of the most Page 5/14. Mechanical Testing of Materials - SlideShare plastic material each year.Rather than operating merely out of environmental necessity, plastic material recovery services can be both cost-efficient and productive, saving resources for a range of different manufacturing applications. Plastics - SlideShare Sandhill Plastics Inc. manufactures 4' x 8' sheets, in thicknesse . Once these individual materials are combined they display a set of different characteristics that might not be possible if the Physical of food materials - SlideShare Physical Properties of Foods 5. The study of the principles and measurement of various physical properties of foods that are important in handling, preparing, processing, preserving, packaging, storing and distribution of foods Scope Page 4/1 Materials testing, measurement of the characteristics and behaviour of such substances as metals, ceramics, or plastics under various conditions. The data thus obtained can be used in specifying the suitability of materials for various applications̶ e.g., building or aircraft construction, machinery, or packaging. Materials testing ¦ Britannic
Material Properties 101 TWI building or aircraft construction, machinery, or packaging. Materials testing | Britannica Here is a listing of some of the most common tests: Hardness Testing Vickers hardness test (HV), which has one of the widest scales Brinell hardness test Mechanical Testing of Materials - SlideShare properties of food material The chemistry of cookies - Page 4/50. Acces PDF Physical packaging, storing and distribution of IMK 209 - Physical Properties of Food - SlideShare Physicochemical properties Page 14/50. Acces PDF Physical Properties Of Food Ppt Roscowof food 1. PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FOOD 2 Quality Production Laboratory Materials Facilities and Equipment Packaging and Labeling •A Q& - CGMP, GGP Level 2 Guidance -Control of Components, Containers and Closure Table 1.10. Elastic Properties of Metallic Elements Used In Electronic Packaging . Table 1.11. Material Properties of a Via-in-Pad Chip-Scale Package Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Assembly . Table 1.12. Elastic Properties and Thermal Expansion Coefficient of Electronic-Packaging Materials and Lead Solder Alloys . Table 1.13
based packaging materials affect more than other kind of packaging materials in varied food flavor and color properties (Hotchkiss, 1997). Zygoura et al. (2004) reported that polymer based packaging led to increase in shelf-life of pasteurized milk in compared with other packaging materials. Also, th Material Properties of Plastics 1.1 Formation and Structure The basic structure of plastics (or polymers) is given by macromolecule chains, formulated from monomer units by chemical reactions. Typical reactions for chain assembling are polyaddition (continuous or step wise) and condensation polymer-ization (polycondensation)  (Figure 1.1). Paper Standards and Packaging Standards. ASTM's paper and packaging standards are instrumental in the evaluation and testing of the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of various pulp, paper, and paperboard materials that are processed primarily to make containers, shipping boxes and parcels, and other packaging and labeling products properties to withstand mechanical hazards during transportation and storage, 6.Should assist in selling by attractive graphics, 7.Should be economical, easily available and disposable, and 8. Should conform to the food laws. Current trends in Packaging and Storage of Whole Grains/Flours and Sugar In order to preserve the quality an
Testing of packaging materials generally involves determination of physical properties. But it is also important to study the chemical stability of a packaging material, particularly when it would be used for food-based applications, so as to ensure the safety of the product . Physical Properties of DNA. Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA): Deoxyribonucleic acid, also abbreviated as DNA, is the principal informational macromolecule of the cell, which stores, translates and transfers the genetic information. In the prokaryotes, the DNA is found mostly in the nuclear zone There have been many studies demonstrating the effect of packaging materials with different light-screening properties on the rates of deteriorative reactions in foods. Among the most commonly studied foods has been fluid milk, the extent of off-flavor development being related to the exposure interval, strength of light, and amount of milk.
Learning Materials For Marketing, Insurance And Business. Features Of Good Packaging Packaging has an important role in marketing. It protects product and helps in sales promotion. So, the container or cover, design of packaging, color, size etc. should be suitable to the nature of product. It also should be convenient, attractive, economical. 8. Properties of Packaging Materials A. Choice of packaging materials is a combination of the: (1) Transport properties, (2) Product shelf-life, (3) Cost, (4) Packaging system abuse resistance, (5) Others - product dependent. B. Barrier properties versus permeability: (1) Barrier property is a measure of the resistanc Introduction. Food packaging is an inevitable and important part to maintain quality and extend the shelf life of food products. Nanostructured materials of at least one dimension about 1-100 nm show the improvement of water and gas barriers, mechanical and thermal properties including functional properties for food packaging and greatly be explored both academic and industrial sectors The packaging materials and packaging containers required for producing packages must be stored in many different locations both before packaging of the goods and once the package contents have been used. Packaging must thus also fulfill a storage function. Back to beginning Loading and transport functio
Packaging materials and the system followed plays an important role in preventing these losses at the farm and during the distribution chain. Packaging reduces wastes, adds value and makes the product qualitatively and quantitatively acceptable. In case of horticultural produce Texture is an important attribute in that it affects processing and handling, influences habits, and affects shelf-life and consumer acceptance of products. Texture analysis is the mechanical testing of food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, adhesives and other consumer products in order to measure their physical properties
Case Study: The Case for Labeled Cans. To start diversifying their packaging portfolio Catawba Brewing Co. was interested in adding aluminum cans. Yet, as a growing craft brewing facility, minimum quantity orders for printed cans were crippling. As a result, Catawba paired with Inland to create clear pressure sensitive labels for cans Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a common technique to evaluate the environmental impact of poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) packaging. A review is needed to gain a clear view of the accumulated knowledge, scientific trends and what remains to be done. The main purpose of this paper is to present an overview of LCA of PET, mainly for packaging POLYMERIC MATERIALS: MASSIVE MARKET ADOPTION IN THE ADVANCED PACKAGING SECTOR. Driven by movements towards further miniaturization and higher functionalities, megatrend applications like artificial intelligence (AI), 5G, and augmented reality (AR)/virtual reality (VR) are creating huge business opportunities and contributing to the growth of advanced packaging applications Reducing your shipping costs reduces the amount of raw materials that are used to package the products and less packing materials leads to less effort being expended. 8. Can Help Save Money. Paper shredders are a great way to properly discard of any waste packaging, making it easier for the packaging to bio-degrade much faster UNESCO - EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING - Vol. I - Mechanical Properties of Polymers - Anil K. Bhowmick ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 9 K G E 3K G σ ′ == ∈+′ (3) Poisson's ratio υ defined by the lateral contraction strain ∈2 to longitudinal tensile strain ∈1, for a bar subjected to a single tensile stress, is given b
Food packaging is core to managing the delivery of innovative, safe products to the consumer. The consumer has an increasing awareness of the impact of packaging on the environment. With the advent of the Courtauld Commitment to reduce the amount of packaging materials being sent to landfill, an increasing number of companies are exploring routes to lightweight material or are using. Engineering Materials 2 is a best-selling stand-alone text in its own right for more advanced students of materials science and mechanical engineering, and is the follow-up to its renowned companion text, Engineering Materials 1: An Introduction to Properties, Applications & Design. Read More
. Active Packaging is accurately defined as packaging in which subsidiary constituents have been deliberately included in or on either the packaging material or the package headspace to enhance the performance of the package system (Robertson, 2006) SCG PP P350F is a polypropylene copolymer without slip and anti-blocking agent designed suitable for cast film process with good seal properties, excellent clarity and good stress whitening resistance. The Flexible Packaging Team at Chemicals Business, SCG has a clear mission to be not only your high-quality resin supplier but also your. Thermal Properties of Paper Thermal Conductivity of Paper: Thermal conductivity is a measure of how easily heat passes through a particular type of material. Thermal conductivity is measured in watts per meter Celsius. Because the conductivity of materials can vary with temperature, no one single value exists for the conductivity of paper 22.214.171.124 BADGE, BFDGE, and NOGE in Coated Materials, Plastics, and Adhesives 13 126.96.36.199 Active and Intelligent Materials and Articles 13 1.2.4 Control of Food Contact Materials in the EU 17 188.8.131.52 Role of the Business Operators: Food Industry and Packaging/ Contact Material Industry 17 184.108.40.206 Role of the Member States 1
PLA is mainly based on corn and is particularly suitable for short-life packaging films or thermoformed products (e.g. beverage or yoghurt cups, fruit, vegetable and meat trays).. PHB is a polyester that can be produced by fermentation from renewable raw materials and has properties similar to those of the petrochemically produced plastic polypropylene The key applications of aluminum oxide nanoparticles are listed below: • In integrated circuit baseboards. • Transparent ceramics, high-pressure sodium lamps, and EP-ROM window. • In YAG laser crystals. • As cosmetic fillers. • Single crystal, ruby, sapphire, sapphire, and yttrium aluminum garnets Commercial flights would be a lot more expensive and modern warfare jets would pose less threat to the enemy without plastic materials. Since 1970, the use of aerospace plastics has quadrupled. Interior components (like overhead bins), components for navigational and propulsion functions, and structural elements can all be made out of plastic components. Military aircraft also benefit from the. Food packaging is created through the use of a wide variety of plastics and metals, papers, and glass materials. Recycling these products differs from the act of literally reusing them in the manner that the recycling process has its own algorithm which includes collecting, sourcing, processing, manufacturing and marketing these products Food properties differ from those of other materials that have been 3D-printed. In food processing applications, the material supply should comply with food safety standards and regulations. For this purpose, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the properties of any material supply It should have sufficient cohesive properties to form a firm, strong tablet under adequate compression force. It should be physiologically safe and it should not interfere with the bioavailability of the active drug substance. It should be compatible with all types of active ingredients. It should be compatible with the packaging material(s)